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As a dramatist, Andersen failed almost absolutely. But many of his poems are still a part of living Danish literature, and his most enduring contributions, after the fairy tales, are his travel books and his autobiography. In vividness, spontaneity, and impressionistic insight into character and scene, the travel books (of which A Poet's Bazaar is the masterpiece) rival the tales, and the kernels of many of the tales are found there.Hans Christian Andersen was born on April 2, 1805, in Odense, Denmark. At the age of 14, Andersen convinced Chargers Donald Butler Kids Jersey his mother to let him try his luck in Copenhagen rather than be apprenticed to a tailor. When she asked what he intended to do there, he replied, "I'II become famous! First you suffer cruelly, and then you become famous."(click to Bills Stephon Gilmore White Jersey enlarge)Hans Christian Andersen. Though reared in poverty, he received a university education. In his many collections of tales, published 183572, he broke with literary tradition and employed the idioms and constructions of spoken language. His stories are imaginative combinations of universal elements from folk legend and include such favourites as The Ugly Duckling and The Emperor's New Clothes. Part of what makes his tales compelling is the way they identify with the unfortunate and outcast. He also Pink Jonathan Cooper Cardinals Jersey wrote plays, novels, poems, travel books, and several autobiographies.Hans Christian AndersenSee his Fairy Tales, tr. by R. P. Keigwin (4 vol., 195660); The Complete Fairy Tales and Stories, tr. by E. Hougaard (1983); M. Tator, ed., The Annotated Hans Christian Andersen (2007); his autobiography (1855, tr. 1871); A RiverA TownA Poet, autobiographical selections by A. Dreslov (1963); his diaries, translated by S. Rossel and P. Conroy (1990); biographies by F. Bk (tr. 1962), R. Godden (1955), M. Stirling (1965), S. Toksvig (1934, repr. 1969), and E. And so his plays, novels, and especially his fairy tales are populated by outsiders, some of whom do not live happily ever after. The young Andersen initially hoped to rise from his impoverishment as an actor, but a theater director instead raised money to send him to school. Hoffmann. Still attached to the Packers BJ Raji Authenitc Jersey theater, Andersen went on to write several plays, few of which were particularly successful. He made his name more as a novelist, with such works as The Improviser (1835) and Only a Fiddler (1837). It was during this early phase of novel writing that Andersen also began turning out original little tales in folk style. The first of what would amount to 156 stories was published in 1835 as Eventyr, or Tales Told for Children. Eventyr was expanded in 1837 and a second volume came out in 1842. Related collections of stories were regularly issued through 1852, with a last publication, New Fairy Tales and Stories, finally arriving in 1872. One key to Andersen's popularity was his style, which was colloquial rather than literary. Yet he refused to write down to children; he introduced dark feelings and sinister turns of events and expressed special sympathy for outcasts, not Nike John Carlson Elite Jersey just heroes and princesses. Some of his tales celebrated the triumph of goodness and were, indeed, overtly Christian, but others were pessimistic in the tradition Antonio Brown Youth Jersey of German Romanticism. Andersen was also a poet, and his verse has been set to music by such composers as Grieg, Nielsen, and Schumann (notably Der Spielmann). But his fairy tales have made the strongest impression on composers. Among musical adaptations, sometimes quite loose, of Andersen's tales are Prokofiev's song The Ugly Duckling, Mary Rodgers' musical Once Upon a Mattress (based on "The Princess and the Pea"), and Disney's animated feature The Little Mermaid. C. Andersen's popularity is not limited to children; his storiescalled eventyrs, or "fantastic tales"express themes that transcend age and nationality.World fame came to Andersen early. In 1846 the publication of his collected works in German gave him the opportunity to write an autobiography (published in both German and English in 1847). This book formed the basis of the Danish version, The Fairy Tale of My Life (1855).Andersen began his fairytale writing by retelling folk tales he had heard as a child. Very soon, however, he began to create original stories, and the vast majority of his tales are Blue Steve Johnson Elite Jersey original. The first volumes in 18351837 contained 19 tales and were called Fairy Tales Told for Children. In 1845 the title changed to New Fairy Tales. The four volumes appearing with this title contained 22 original tales and mark the great flowering of Raiders Marcel Reece Jersey Andersen's genius. In 1852 the title was changed to Stories, and from then on the volumes were called New Fairy Tales and Stories. During the Limited AJ Hawk Kids Jersey next years Andersen published a number of volumes of fairy tales, and his last works of this type appeared in 1872. Among his most popular tales are "The Ugly Duckling," "The Princess and the Pea," and "The Little Mermaid."A lifelong bachelor, he was frequently in love (with, among others, the singer Jenny Lind). He lived most of his life as a guest on the country estates of wealthy Womens Andy Dalton Jersey Danes. He made numerous journeys abroad, where he met and in many cases became friends with prominent Europeans, among them the English novelist Charles Dickens. Andersen died on Aug. The Improvisatore has a finely done Italian setting and, like most of Andersen's novels, was based on his own life. It was a success not only in Denmark but also in England and Germany. He wrote five more novels, all of them combining highly artificial plots with remarkably vivid descriptions of landscape and local customs.While the majority of Andersen's tales can Game Denarius Moore Kids Jersey be enjoyed by children, the best of them are written for adults as well and lend themselves to varying interpretations according to the sophistication of the reader. To the Danes this is the most important aspect of the tales, but it is unfortunately not often conveyed by Andersen's translators. Indeed, Red Josh Freeman Jersey some of the finest and richest tales, such as "She Was No Good," "The Old Oak Tree's Last Dream," "The Shadow," "The Wind Tells of Valdemar Daae and His Daughter," and "The Bell," do not often find their way into Englishlanguage collections. More insidious, though, are the existing translations that omit entirely Andersen's wit and neglect Pink Frostee Rucker Game Jersey those stylistic devices that carry his multiplicity of meanings. His novels and travel books have all been Blue Luke Kuechly Elite Jersey translated but not in this century. Still one of the best sources of information about Andersen's life is his autobiography, The Fairy Tale of My Life, in a translation by W. Glyn Jones (1954). Excellent biographies are Fredrik Bk, Hans Christian Andersen (1938; trans. 1962), and Monica Stirling, The Wild Swan: The Life and Times of Hans Christian Andersen (1965). A good introduction to Andersen's method is Paul V. He began writing fairytales in 1835, and continued all his life; the first English translations appeared in 1846. Some, for instance 'The Travelling Companions' and 'Big Claus and Little Claus', follow traditional plots quite closely; others are variations on old motifs, such as 'The Little Mermaid', elaborating the White Rod Streater Nike Jersey belief that waterspirits may love humans, and may desire to obtain salvation. Many, including the wellknown 'Ugly Duckling', are entirely his own creations; almost all are full of pathos and emotionalism. Andersen's influence on the later literary fairytale in England was profound; it pervades the fairytales of Oscar Wilde, and can be felt as early as 1857 in several passages of Dickens's Little Dorrit. About a dozen are now among the stock of fairytales which most English children know, and are no longer felt as foreign. M. Thiele, Adam Oehlenschlger and Bernhard Ingemann. As exceptions, some fairy tales have their origins in ancient poetry ('The Naughty Boy') or medieval European literature ('The Emperor's New Clothes'). There are several ways in which Andersen may be said to have created the genre of modern fairy tale. First, he gave the fairy tale a personal touch. His very first fairy tale, 'The Tinder Box', opens in a matteroffact way, instead of the traditional 'Once upon a time', and its characters, including the king, speak a colloquial, everyday language. This feature became the Green James Casey Nike Jersey trademark of Andersen's style. Quite a number of his early fairy tales are retellings of traditional folk tales, such as 'Little Claus and Big Claus', 'The Princess and the Pea', 'The Travelling Companion', 'The Swineherd', 'The Wild Swans'; however, in Andersen's rendering they acquire an unmistakable individuality and brilliant irony. Kings go around in battered slippers and personally open gates of their kingdoms; princesses read newspapers and roast chicken; and many supernatural creatures in later tales behave and talk like ordinary people. An explicit narrative voice, commenting on the events and addressing the listener, is another characteristic trait of Andersen's tales. It is not accidental that many fairy tales were told by Andersen to real children before he wrote them down. His first original fairy tale, 'Little Ida's Flowers', recalls the tales of E. T. A. Hoffmann in its elaborate combination Tony Scheffler White Jersey of the ordinary and the fantastic, its nocturnal magical transformations, and its use of the child as a Nike Greg Little Game Jersey narrative lens. Still closer to Hoffmann is 'The Steadfast Tin Soldier' with its animation of the realm of toys. However, in both tales Andersen's melancholic view of life is revealed: both end tragically, thus raising the question whether children's literature must depend on happy endings. While in 'The Storks' he makes an original interpretation of the popular saying that babies are brought by storks, in several stories ('The Happy Family', 'The Sprinters', 'The DungBeetle') Andersen makes animals represent different perspectives on life, and the stories themselves are more like satirical sketches of human manners than fairy tales for children. This tale, based loosely on a story by Adelbert von Chamisso, which it also mentions indirectly, is probably the most enigmatic and disturbing of his tales. Published in 1847, it marked a general change in Andersen tales, from being addressed to children to a wider audience, even primarily adults. In fact, his late tales, which he himself characterized as 'Stories' rather than 'Fairy Tales', are much less known and almost never published in contemporary collections for children. Bredsdorf, Elias, Hans Christian Andersen (1975). Grnbech, Bo, Hans Christian Andersen (1980). Ingwersen, Niels, "'Being Stuck: The Subversive Andersen and his Audience'", in James A. Parente Jr. and Richard Erich Schade (eds.), Studies in German and Scandinavian Literature after 1500 (1993). Lederer, Wolfgang, The Kiss Pink Brandon Myers Giants Jersey of the Snow Queen: Hans Christian Andersen and Man's Redemption by Woman (1986). Nassaar, Christopher S., 'Andersen's "The Shadow" and Wilde's "The Fisherman and his Soul": A Case of ', NineteenthCentury Literature, 50.2 (September 1995). Reared in poverty, he left Odense at 14 for Copenhagen. He failed as an actor, but his poetry won him generous patrons including King Frederick VI. In 1829 his fantasy A Journey on Foot from the Holmen Canal to the Eastern Point of Amager was published, followed by a volume of poetry in 1830. Granted a traveling pension by the king, Andersen wrote sketches of the European countries he visited. His first novel, Improvisatoren (1835), was well received by the critics. His sentimental novels were for a time considered his forte. However, with his first book of fairy tales, Eventyr (1835), he found the medium of expression that was to immortalize his genius. His tales are often tragic or gruesome in plot. His sense of fantasy, power of description, and acute sensitivity contributed to his mastery of the genre. Among his many widely beloved stories are "The FirTree," "The Little Match Girl," "The Ugly Duckling," "The Snow Queen," "The Little Mermaid," and "The Red Shoes."Fairy TalesFor 3 years he lived in one of Copenhagen's disreputable districts. He tried to become a singer, dancer, and actor but failed. When he was 17, a prominent government official arranged a scholarship for Andersen in order to repair his spotty education. But he was an indifferent student and was unable to study systematically. He never learned to spell or to write the elegant Danish of the period. Thus his literary style remained close to the spoken language and is still fresh and living today, unlike that of most of his contemporaries.After spending 7 years at school, mostly under the supervision of a neurotic rector who seems to have hated Elite DeMarcus Ware Pink Jersey him, Andersen celebrated the passing of his university examinations in 1828 by writing his first prose narrative, an unrestrained satirical fantasy. This, his first success, was quickly followed by a vaudeville and a collection of poems.At first Andersen dismissed his fairytale writing as a "bagatelle" and, encouraged by friends and prominent Danish critics, considered abandoning the genre.

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